books

Genesis of Frankenstein? “we rubbed it before the fire, and it lived”

Mary Shelley’s description of the night during the summer of 1816 at the Villa Diadoti, in which she was encouraged to invent a ghost story, and the dream she had as a result, is generally determined to be the genesis of her novel Frankenstein. However, an incident recorded in her journal, dated 19 March 1815, points to an earlier dream which can more certainly earn the distinction of being the actual birth of the idea that inspired the novel.

Dreamt that my little baby came to life again; that it had only been cold, and that we rubbed it before the fire, and it lived. Awake and find no baby. I think about the little thing all day. Not in good spirits. (MWS, Journal, 70)

Mary Shelley chose not to write a story about a man resurrecting a dead loved one; Victor Frankenstein’s object for resurrection couldn’t have been more impersonal. He attaches random body parts from several strangers and reanimates them. His act was meant to be an unselfish Promethean aid to humankind. This journal entry provokes the question of whether Mary Shelley considered the possibility of her main character reanimating one of his murdered loved ones.

Resurrecting a dead loved one for the sake of alleviating the pain of a profound personal grief would become a familiar theme in 20th century horror literature. From W.W. Jacob’s 1902 short story “The Monkey’s Paw” to Stephen King’s novel Pet Sematary, the theme of resurrecting a dead child or any loved one produces a more complicated personal horror than the incident depicted in Frankenstein. This may have been the inspiration for the resurrecting of Elizabeth scene in Kenneth Branagh’s film version of the novel (Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein) and the resurrection of Justine in Brian W. Aldiss’ novel Frankenstein Unbound.

Mary Shelley never wrote about the link between her dream and the incidents depicted in her novel. However, the psychological implications are very evident to a modern reader. There is also an element of remorse and failure in this journal entry similar to the guilt and feeling of failure expressed by both Justine and Victor in Volume One, Chapters 6 and 7. Victor’s culpability in the events is clear, but like Mary Shelley’s indefinable expression of culpability in the death of her baby, Justine’s feelings of guilt are equally elusive. Justine is innocent of the crime she is charged with, so perhaps it is a lingering guilt brought about by her mother’s accusation that Justine was responsible for the deaths of her siblings.

Both Mary Shelley’s journal entry and the novel suggest that the genesis of guilt is as elusive as a dream.

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Hitchcock: Books and Plays That Inspired His Films

rear window birds-daphne-du-maurier

Ashenden (The Secret Agent)  by W. Somerset Maugham

Before the Fact (Suspicion) by Francis Iles

The Birds by Daphne du Maurier

Dial “M” for Murder  A play by Frederick Knott

Easy Virtue By Noel Coward

Goodbye Piccadilly, Farewell Leicester Square (Frenzy) by Arthur La Bern

The House of Dr. Edwardes (Spellbound) by Francis Beeding

Jamaica Inn by Daphne du Maurier

The Lady Vanishes by Ethel Lina White

The Lodger by Marie Belloc Lowndes

The Manxman by Hall Caine

Marnie by Winston Graham

Personal History  (Foreign Correspondent) By Vincent Sheean

Psycho by Robert Bloch

Rainbird Pattern  (Family Plot) by Victor Canning

Rear Window by Cornell Woolrich

Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier

Rope: A Play by Patrick Hamilton

The Secret Agent  (Sabotage) by Joseph Conrad

A Shilling for Candles (Young and Innocent) by Josephine Tey

Strangers on a Train by Patricia Highsmith

The 39 Steps (Richard Hannay series) by John Buchan

To Catch A Thief by David Dodge

Topaz by Leon Uris

The Trouble with Harry by Jack Trevor Story

Under Capricorn by Helen de Guerry Simpson

Vertigo by Boileau-Narcejac

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Before John Was a Jazz Giant: A Song of John Coltrane

Weatherford, Carole Boston.  Before John Was a Jazz Giant: A Song of John Coltrane.Illustrated by Sean Qualls. Henry Holt and Company, 2009. 32 pages.  ISBN-13: 978-0-8050-7994-4

What’s the story?

This non-fiction children’s book is creative biography of the childhood of John Coltrane, of one of the greatest jazz musicians of all time, who first had to listen to great music before he could write and play music of his own.

Review

This Notable Social Studies Trade Books for Young People of 2009 in the category of biography presents the childhood of Jazz great John Coltrane with a primary focus on the musical sounds of his childhood. The book explores some of the inspirations for his desire to be a musician and the people, things, and music that influenced him. Each page is filled with beautiful, mostly abstract images in muted shades and limited colors. An author’s note at the end of the book provides a more detailed biography that parents, teachers, and librarians can use to answer questions from children who want to know more about Coltrane. There is also a list of some of Coltrane’s music available on CD and a list of books and a website about Coltrane’s life.

 Awards and Recognition

American Library Association Notable Children’s Books
Coretta Scott King Honor, Illustrator
Bank Street Best Children’s Book of the Year
Notable Social Studies Trade Books for Young People
Golden Kite Honor Book for Picture Book Text
CPL: Chicago Public Library Best of the Best
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Independent Bookstores: Santa Cruz

Logos Books and Records

1117 Pacific Ave.

This fairly large shop has lots of inexpensive books, CD’s, DVDs, and an ecletic bunch of old LP’s. You can spend hours browsing the shelves and bins in here. I picked up a Coldplay CD,  an old 1960’s comedy LP of The First Family, and an incredibly rare collection of naughty recordings . It’s like searching through your really cool Grandma’s attic.

Literary Guillotine

204 Locust St

This popular used book store is for both UC Santa Cruz students and for the amateur reader of novels and literary theory. It also features a smaller collection of other subjects. Visually it resembles the secret book collection found in the film Fahrenheit 451. Books are shelved floor to ceiling and wall to wall, and sometimes just in piles in multiple corners of this literary wonderland.

They also run an independent press to promote more eclectic work: Literary Guillotine, Ink

Book Shop Santa Cruz

1520 Pacific Ave

Rebuilt after the devastating earthquake of 1989, this well stocked bookshop offers book signings and a wide variety of new books, as well as a small selection of used books. It’s also an excellent source for international and national newspapers.

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